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UNIT 2

Understanding Plant-Soil-Water Relationships and Introduction to Programming

This unit provides resources for training in soils as they affect the water cycle, including erosion and runoff, and the role of plant materials in the water cycle.  Internal organization of your water stewardship program is discussed along with the basics process of educational programming.

OBJECTIVES:

1. Understand soils and how they affect water quality

2. Understand factors influencing runoff and erosion

3. Understand techniques for reducing negative soil effects on water quality

4. Understand the process of educational programming

5. Understand the internal organization for your program

Understanding Water

  • Effects of Soils on Water Quality

  • Techniques for Reducing Negative Soil Effects on Water Quality

Becoming a Steward

  • VCE Programming Process

  • VCE MGWS Program Organization Flow Chart

Unit Review

VCE Master Gardener Handbook

1. Chapter 2 Soils and Fertilizer

Reading Suggestions

Understanding Water

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. Soil Management to Protect Water Quality: Understanding Soils and How They Affect Water Quality. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.3.1 1-3.

Epperson, G. R. 1972. Soils: Virginia’s Basic Natural Resource. Virginia Cooperative Extension Publication 504, pp. 6-34

Canessa, P.E. and Ronald E. Hermanson. 1995. Site Conditions Affecting the Pollution Process. Irrigation Management Practices to Protect Groundwater and Surface Water Quality, State of Washington, EM 4885. Washington State University Cooperative Extension. pp. 3-7 -3-8

Canessa, P.E. and Ronald E. Hermanson. 1994. Soil-water plant Relationships. Irrigation Management Practices to Protect Groundwater and Surface Water Quality, State of Washington. Washington State University Cooperative Extension. pp 3-11 - 3-20.

Nickinson, P. and G.V. Wills. 1986. “How Does it Travel?” Sandcastle Moats and Petunia Bed Holes: A Book About Groundwater. Virginia Water Resources Research Center, pp. 9-12.

Nickinson, P. and G.V. Wills. 1986. “Virginia’s Regions” Sandcastle Moats and Petunia Bed Holes: A Book About Groundwater. Virginia Water Resources Research Center, pp. 21-26.

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. The Rural Environment and NPS Pollution: Understanding Agricultural Erosion, Sedimentation, and NPS Pollution. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.2.1 1-4.

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. Soil Management to Protect Water Quality: Estimating Soil Erosion Losses and Sediment Delivery Ratios. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.3.2 1-3.

Staff. 1994. Reducing Erosion and Runoff. Virginia Cooperative Extension Publication 426-722, pp. 1-2.

Walker, J.C., G.D. Jennings, and J.A. Arnold. 1994. Erosion and Sedimentation Control in North Carolina. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Publiation AG-473-20, pp. 1-4.

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. The Urban Environment and NPS Pollution: Understanding Urban Stormwater Runoff. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.7.2 1-3. 57

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. The Urban Environment and NPS Pollution: Regulating Urban Stormwater Runoff. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.7.3 1-4.

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. The Urban Environment and NPS Pollution: Best Management Practices for Construction Activities. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p 4.7.5 1-2.

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. The Urban Environment and NPS Pollution: Best Management Practices for Individuals. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.7.6 1-2

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. Soil Management to Protect Water Quality: Reduced Tillage Practices for Soil Management. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.3.4 1-4.

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. Soil Management to Protect Water Quality: Cropping and Nonstructural Agronomic Practices for Soil Management. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.3.3 1-3.

Hairston, J.E. and L. Stribling, editors. Soil Management to Protect Water Quality: Irrigation Systems and Soil Management. Water Quality and Pollution Control Handbook. Alabama Cooperative Extension Circular ANR-790, p. 4.3.6 1-3.

Relf, D. Mulches for the Home Garden. Virginia Cooperative Extension Publication 426-326, pp. 1-2.

Relf, D. and A.R. McDaniel. 1995. Soil Preparation. Virginia Cooperative Extension Publication 426-313, pp. 1-2.

Nuss, Robert. 1993. Soil Conditioning and Mulching. Penn State News and Publications, June 30, 1993.

LaPrade, J.C., J.E. Hairston, and D. Brown. 1994. Sinkholes and Their Correction. Alabama Cooperative Extension Agriculture and Natural Resources Timely Information Publication July, 1994, pp. 1-2.

Becoming a Steward

VCE Programming Process. Board, B. VCE Programming Process Overview. Excerpted from .VCE Programming Process

Overview.. VCE Intranet website: http://www.ext.vt.edu/vce/

VCE MG Program Organization Flow Chart

 

Resources

 

 

 

 

 

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