Table 7.7: A guide to common types of Vines in the home garden.
Native (N)
N = Native to Mid-Atlantic
Use
S = Shade,
F = Foundation,
Sp = Specimen,
H = Hedge,
Sc = Screen,
GC = Ground Cover
Flame Rating (FR)
H = Very Flammable
M = Moderate
L = Low
Scientific Name Common Name N Use FR Comments
Aristolochia durior Dutchmanís pipe L Vigorous, low maintenance.
Bignonia capreolata Crossvine L Vigorous, requires pruning and support. Showy. Native species are also available.
Campsis radicans Trumpet-creeper, Trumpet vine N M nvasive. Requires pruning and support. Showy.
Celastrus scandens Bittersweet N M A male plant is required for fruit set (dioecious). Invasive.
Clematis virginiana Virginís bower N May be used as groundcover. Vigorous.
Clematis x Jackmanii Jackman clematis L Fairly fragile, requires support. Non-aggressive. Showy.
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina jessamine N L Evergreen. Showy. Poisonous.
Hydrangea anomala petiolaris Climbing hydrangea L Slow to establish. Requires support. Showy.
Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle H Can be used as groundcover. Invasive. Weedy.
Lonicera sempervirens Trumpet honeysuckle N L Requires pruning and support. Showy.
Lonicera x heckrottii Goldflame honeysuckle L Requires support. Showy.
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper N L Requires support, will cover walls. Tolerates urban conditions.
Parthenocissus tricuspidata Boston ivy L Tolerates urban conditions.
Passiflora incarnata Passionflower, Maypop N L Requires support, can be used as groundcover. Showy.
Passiflora lutea Yellow passionflower N L Less showy.
Phus radicans Poison ivy N M Triggers skin allergies in most people. Invasive.
Polygonum aubertii Silverlace vine, Fleece vine L Very vigorous and adaptable. Showy.
Rosa spp. Climbing roses L High maintenance. Requires support. Showy.
Smilax rotundifolia Greenbrier, Smilax, Catbrier N L Weedy, invasive. Evergreen forms exist.