Table 7.5: A Guide to Common Types of Evergreen Shrubs in the Home Garden.
Native (N)
N = Native to Mid-Atlantic
Use
S = Shade,
F = Foundation,
Sp = Specimen,
H = Hedge,
Sc = Screen,
GC = Ground Cover
Flame Rating (FR)
H = Very Flammable
M = Moderate
L = Low
Scientific Name Common Name N Use FR Comments
Abelia x grandiflora Glossy abelia Y H, F H Adapts to many growing conditions.
Aucuba japonica Japanese aucuba Y Sp, F, H H Requires shade. Prefers warmer climates.
Berberis julianae Wintergreen barberry Y H H Avoid contact with spiny stems and leaves.
Buxus microphylla Japanese boxwood Y F, H, Sp H Partially tolerant of drought and heat.
Buxus sempervirens American boxwood Y F, H, Sp H Leaves and stems toxic to livestock. Applications of lime are required for plant vigor.
Buxus sempervirens suffruticosa Edging box, English boxwood Y H, Sp, F H Needs well drained soil.
Camellia japonica Japanese camellia Y Sp, Sc H Subject to winter injury, use in warmer climates only.
Camellia sasanqua Sasanqua camellia Y Sp, Sc H Subject to winter injury, use in warmer climates only.
Cotoneaster dammeri Bearberry cotoneaster Y F H Tolerates wide range of conditions, use for erosion control.
Cotoneaster salicifolius Willowleaf cotoneaster Y Sc, Sp, H H Tolerates poor soils, pH adaptable. Generally pest free.
Daphne odora Winter daphne Y F, Sp H Leaves and fruit are very poisonous. Produces highly scented flowers early.
Elaeagnus pungens Thorny elaeagnus Y Sc H Tolerates salt spray, drought, air pollution & wind
Euonymus japonicus Japanese euonymus Y H, Sc H Subject to numerous pest problems.
Euonymus kiautschovicus Spreading euonymus Y H, Sc H Fruit and leaves may be toxic.
Gardenia jasminoides Gardenia, Cape jasmine Y Sp, Sc, F H Requires well drained, acidic soil. Use in warmer climates only.
Ilex cornuta Chinese holly Y Sc, Sp H Very adaptable to drought, pH, and to many soil types.
Ilex crenata Japanese holly Y H, F H Mildly drought tolerant. Needs well drained soil.
Ilex glabra Inkberry holly N H, F H May be grown in acid soils on wet sites.
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon holly N H, F, Sc H Tolerant of most soil conditions and salt spray. Use in warmer climates only.
Ilex x meserveae Meserve holly, Blue holly Y Sp H A male cultivar is necessary for berry production.
Juniperus chinensis Chinese juniper Y F, H, Sc H Tolerant of salt and alkaline soils.
Kalmia latifolia Mountain-laurel N Sp, F H Leaves are poisonous. Requires shade.
Leucothoe fontanesiana Drooping leucothoe N F, Sp H Not tolerant of drought or wind.
Ligustrum japonicum Japanese privet, Waxleaf ligustrum Y H, Sc H Adapts to poor fertility, drought, sun or shade and salt.
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon grapeholly Y Sp, H, F H Susceptible to winter dessication.
Mahonia bealei Bealeís mahonia, Leatherleaf mahonia Y Sp, H, F H Requires good soil drainage.
Myrica cerifera Waxmyrtle; Southern bayberry N Sc, Sp H Very tolerant of soil salts and salt spray.
Myrica pensylvanica Northern bayberry N Sc, Sp H Very tolerant of soil salts and salt spray. More cold tolerant than the above species.
Nandina domestica Nandina Y Sp, F, Sc H Tolerates a wide range of conditions.
Osmanthus heterophyllus Holly osmanthus Y Sc, Sp H Tolerates a wide range of conditions in warm climates.
Photinia x fraseri Fraser photinia; Red-tip Y Sc, H, Sp H Very susceptible to leaf spot disease.
Pieris japonica Japanese pieris Y Sp, F H Protect from wind desiccation. Requires soils with lower pH.
Pinus mugo Mugho pine Y F, Sc H Susceptible to many insect and disease problems.
Prunus laurocerasus Cherry laurel, English laurel Y Sc, H H Fruit and leaves may be mildly poisonous.
Pyracantha coccinea Pyracantha, Firethorn Y Sp, H, F H Tolerates drought. Avoid spines.
Raphiolepis indica Indian hawthorn Y Sp, F, H H Salt and wind tolerant. Use in warm climates.
Rhododendron catawbiense Catawba rhododendron N Sp, Sc H Not heat or drought tolerant. Requires acid soil.
Rhododendron maxima Rosebay rhododendron N Sp, Sc H Requires acid soil. Not heat tolerant.
Rhododendron obtusum Kurume azalea Y Sp, F, Sc H Requires well drained acid soil.
Rhododendron sp. Hybrid azaleas Y Sp, F, Sc H Requires well drained acid soil.
Taxus baccata English yew Y F, H, Sc H Plant parts are very poisonous. Requires well drained soil.
Taxus cuspidata Japanese yew Y F, H, Sc H Plant parts are very poisonous. Requires well drained soil.
Taxus x media Anglojap yew Y F, H, Sc H Leaves are very poisonous. Requires well drained soil.
Viburnum rhytidophyllum Leatherleaf viburnum Y Sp, H, Sc H Not wind or heat tolerant.
Yucca filamentosa Yucca, Adamís needle yucca N Sp, GC H Drought resistant and generally maintenance free.