Table 7.4: A Guide to Common Types of Evergreen Trees in the Home Garden.
Native (N)
N = Native to Mid-Atlantic
Use
S = Shade,
F = Foundation,
Sp = Specimen,
H = Hedge,
Sc = Screen,
GC = Ground Cover
Flame Rating (FR)
H = Very Flammable
M = Moderate
L = Low
Scientific Name Common Name N Use FR Comments
Abies concolor White fir Y Sp H Tolerates urban conditions in cooler regions.
Abies fraseri Fraser fir N Sp H Popular as Christmas tree, use in cool regions.
Cedrus atlantica Atlas cedar Y Sp H Difficult to transplant, drought tolerant.
Cedrus deodara Deodara cedar Y Sp H Drought tolerant. Limited cold tolerance.
Cedrus libani Cedar of Lebanon Y Sp H Very cold hardy. Requires good drainage.
Chamaecyparis obtusa Hinoki falsecypress Y Sp, Sc H Requires good drainage.
Chamaecyparis pisifera Japanese falsecypress Y Sp, Sc H Requires good drainage.
Chamaecyparis thyoides Atlantic whitecedar N Sp,Sc H Adapts to wet, boggy sites.
x Cupressocyparis leylandii Leyland cypress Y Sc, Sp H Adapts to pH extremes, salt spray, poor fertility, drought.
Cupressus arizonica Arizona cypress Y Sc, Sp H Tolerates hot, dry conditions.
Ilex aquifolium English holly Y Sp H Requires good drainage and compatible male plant for berry production .(dioecious). Not cold tolerant.
Ilex x attenuata ‘Fosteri’ Fosters holly Y Sp, Sc H Urban tolerant. Dioecious.
Ilex x ‘Nellie R. Stevens’ Nellie R. Stevens holly Y Sc, Sp H Somewhat drought tolerant. Dioecious.
Ilex opaca American holly N Sp, Sc H Prone to native holly leafminer damage. Tolerates wet conditions.
Juniperus scopulorum Western redcedar Y Sc, Sp H Adapts to pH extremes, poor fertility, drought. Requires good drainage.
Juniperus virginiana Eastern redcedar N Sc, Sp H Alternate host for cedar apple rust disease. Tolerates urban conditions. Difficult to transplant.
Magnolia grandiflora Southern magnolia N Sp H Broadleaved - considerable litter.
Picea abies Norway spruce Y Sp H Tolerates cold climates and some warm climates.
Picea glauca White spruce Y Sp H Withstands drought, wind and temperature extremes.
Picea pungens Colorado spruce Y Sp H Very drought tolerant. Not heat toleant.
Pinus echinata Shortleaf pine N Sc, Sp H Difficult to transplant due to deep taproot.
Pinus nigra Austrian pine Y Sp, Sc H Resists drought and seaside conditions. Disease problems develop with age.
Pinus palustris Longleaf pine N Sp H Native plant.
Pinus pungens Table mountain pine N Sp H Native - not commercially available. Rugged plant.
Pinus rigida Pitch pine N Sp, Sc H Requires good drainage.
Pinus strobus White pine N Sp, Sc H Sensitive to heat, air pollution and salts. Requires good drainage.
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine N Sc, Sp H Tolerates salt spray, sandy soils.
Pinus thunbergiana Japanese black pine Y Sp, Sc H Tolerates salt spray, sandy soils.
Pinus virginiana Virginia pine, Jersey pine N Sc H Will grow in either sandy or heavy, clay soils.
Quercus hemisphaerica Laurel oak N S, Sp H Adapts to urban conditions. Prefers warm climates.
Quercus virginiana Live oak N S, Sp H Adapts to urban conditions. Prefers warm climates. Leaf/acorn litter.
Thuja occidentalis Northern whitecedar; Arborvitae N Sc, F, H H Requires good drainage. Not heat tolerant.
Thuja orientalis (Platycladus) Oriental arborvitae Y Sc, F, H H Adapts to many growing conditions. Subject to several insect pests.
Tsuga canadensis Canadian hemlock, Eastern hemlock N Sp, Sc H Will not tolerate drought and heat. Requires good drainage.
Tsuga caroliniana Carolina hemlock N Sp, Sc H Will not tolerate drought, requires good drainage.